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Applied Social Care: Referencing

A guide for students of Social Care

Harvard Referencing Style

The Library, in consultation with GMIT's Academic Council, has developed a referencing guide based on the Harvard citation style. The Harvard style is one of a myriad of citation styles available to students, but it is the most common one used in GMIT.

The important thing to remember when referencing is to be consistent with whatever style you are using.

The GMIT Harvard style is based on British Standard BS ISO 690: 2010. It is an author-date style, where you put the name of the author, the year the information was published and the relevant page number(s) in brackets after the quote or paraphrase in your document. At the end of the document you make a reference list of your sources, in a specific format.

There will be two parts to every reference you use:

  • The in text citation, where you refer to the information you have collected during your research, and
  • The reference list at the end of your text, which gives the full details of the works so that your readers can follow up for themselves

The Library's referencing guide  describes the rules of the Harvard style in detail, and gives examples of references for books, ebooks, journal articles, newspapers, databases etc.

Why is it so important?

It is extremely important to cite and reference your sources in any work you produce for your assignments. Referencing is a way of acknowledging that you have used the ideas and written material of another author. It demonstrates that you have searched the appropriate literature and that you have read on your topic. It enables anyone reading your work to look up your citations and read them for themselves.

See the Library's referencing guide.

Helpful sources in the Library


Online Referencing Sources


Referencing Software

The Library's search engine Search + Find, and the library's bibliographic databases (those that detail books and articles) have a citation export feature. You can create a reference in the Harvard style to the article you are viewing. Note this is a reference only and not the in text citation.

 If you want to use software to create both your citations and references the Library recommends using EndNote Online. 

Watch this tutorial on creating an EndNote account.  Endnote allows users to create, store and manage references, up to 2GB storage per account, and it includes many other features for advanced researchers including an option to best match your work to a particular journal or journals.

The 'Cite While You Write' feature allows you to insert references from your EndNote library into a Word document, and it will automatically create and format your bibliography in MS Word.

The Library provides training on EndNote throughout the year.  Call to the library desk, phone 094 9043146, or email

See the library's comprehensive guide to using Endnote.

Galway 091-742785 | CCAM 091-745409
Mayo 094-9043146 | Letterfrack 091-742666