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Research & Postgraduate Students: Managing Information

Harvard Referencing Style

The Library, in consultation with GMIT's Academic Council, have developed a referencing guide based on the Harvard citation style. The Harvard style is one of a myriad of citation styles available to students, but it is the most common one used in GMIT.

The important thing to remember when referencing is to be consistent with whatever style you are using.

The GMIT Harvard style is based on British Standard BS ISO 690: 2010. It is an author-date style, where you put the name of the author, the year the information was published and the relevant page number(s) in brackets after the quote or paraphrase in your document. At the end of the document you make a reference list of our sources, in a specific format.

There will be two parts to every reference you use:

  • The in text citation, where you refer to the information you have collected during your research, and
  • The reference list at the end of your text, which gives the full details of the works so that your readers can follow up for themselves

The comprehensive referencing guide developed by the Library describes in detail the rules of the Harvard style, along with examples of references for the various information sources you will use including books, ebooks, journal articles, newspapers, databases etc.

Social Bookmarking Tools

Allow you to store and organise your key sites, adding tags so that you can group different topics together. You can also share them with colleagues and discover what sites other researchers are using. Examples: delicious and Diigo.

Managing Information

It makes sense to keep track of the information sources you find, read or intend to read.

Having a organised way of doing this will enable you to spend more time on your research and less time on the basics of managing your information; such as storing and retrieving.  It will also make it easier for you to create bibliographies when you need to. 

There are a number of available tools for managing references, here are some free tools:

EndNote Online
An online bibliographic service which will help you to store & organise your references and automatically format citations, reference lists and bibliographies in Microsoft Word.
Enables you to capture references from web pages. There is also a plug in for Word to enable you to insert references into your papers. You must use Firefox to use this free plug-in.
Make your own searchable library, cite as you write, and read and annotate your PDFs with this free reference manager & academic social network.  

Recommended Referencing Software

The Library's search engine Search + Find, along with all our databases have a citation export feature. The facility to create a reference to the article you are viewing in the Harvard style is available, note this is the reference only and not the in text citation.

If you wish to wish to use software to create citations and references, the Library recommends EndNote Online, free software with added storage and styles provided to GMIT staff and students from the Library. You need to be on campus to create you account, once you have created your account you can access the software from anywhere with internet access.

EndNote Online allows users to create, store and manage references, up to 2GB storage per account, and it includes many other features for advanced researchers including an option to best match your work to a particular journal or journals.

The 'Cite While You Write' feature allows you to insert references from your EndNote library into a Word document, and it will automatically create and format your bibliography in MS Word.

The Library provides training on EndNote online throughout the year. Please check our calendar for the training schedule.

A comprehensive guide to using EndNote online is available to view / download.

Online Referencing Sources


Why is Referencing so Important?

It is extremely important to cite and reference your sources in any work you produce for your assignments. Referencing is a way of acknowledging that you have used the ideas and written material belonging to another author. It demonstrates that you have searched the appropriate literature and that you have carried out reading on your topic. It enables anyone reading your work to look up your citations and read them for themselves.

Citation information is available in the Library's Referecing and Citing using the Harvard style citation guide, available online from the library website. Please note you will need to login with your Library ID no and PIN to view / print this document. There is also a quick guide on using the Harvard referencing system.

The library provides training on citation and referencing skills as part of our input to the LIS module. If you are interested in signing up for this training session, please contact us.

Print Referencing Sources

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