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Heritage: Citing and Referencing Your Work

Why Is It Important To Reference?

What is referencing?

Referencing is a way of showing where the ideas, theories, quotes, facts and other evidence and information you use in your assignments can be found. Any books, journal articles, websites, etc that you use to research your assignment must be referenced.

Why is it so important to reference?

  • It allows you to avoid plagiarism by acknowledging that you have used ideas and written material belonging to another author.
  • It demonstrates the scope and depth of your research.
  • It enables anyone reading your work to look up your references and read them for themselves.

Harvard Referencing Style

Harvard Banner

There are many referencing styles, the Harvard style is one of countless styles available and is the most commonly used one in GMIT.

The Library, in consultation with GMIT's Academic Council, have developed a referencing guide based on the Harvard style.

The GMIT Harvard style is based on British Standard BS ISO 690: 2010. It is an author-date style, where you put the name of the author, the year the information was published and the relevant page number(s) in brackets after the quote or paraphrase in your document. At the end of the document you make a reference list of our sources, in a specific format.

There will be two parts to every reference you use:

  • The in text citation, where you refer to the information you have collected during your research, and
  • The reference list at the end of your text, which gives the full details of the works so that your readers can follow up for themselves

The important thing to remember when referencing is to be consistent with whatever style you are using.

The detailed referencing guide (see below) developed by the Library describes in detail the rules of the Harvard style, along with examples of references for the various information sources you will use including books, e-books, journal articles, newspapers, databases etc.

Cite Them Right

Referencing Software

Endnote is a reference management software package that allows users to create, store and manage references. Library Guide to Endnote

Microsoft Word has a simple built-in referencing tool to help you create references. Library Guide to Referencing with Microsoft Word

The Library provides training on both Endnote and Referencing with Microsoft Word throughout the year. Please check our calendar for the training schedule.


Galway 091-742785 | CCAM 091-745409 | Mayo 094-9043146 | Letterfrack 091-742666 | library@gmit.ie