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Nursing: Referencing

Guide to GMIT Library for students of Nursing

Harvard Referencing Style

Referencing using the Harvard Style

The Harvard style is the most commonly one used in GMIT.

It is an author-date style, where you put the name of the author, the year the information was published and the relevant page number(s) in brackets after the quote or paraphrase in your document. At the end of the document you make a reference list of our sources, in a specific format.

There will be two parts to every reference you use:

  • The in text citation, where you refer to the information you have collected during your research, and
  • The reference list at the end of your text, which gives the full details of the works so that your readers can follow up for themselves

The comprehensive referencing guide developed by the Library describes in detail the rules of the Harvard style, along with examples of references for the various information sources you will use including books, ebooks, journal articles, newspapers, databases etc.

Importance of Referencing

Importance of Referencing

It is extremely important to cite and reference your sources in any work you produce in your assignments.

Referencing is a way of acknowledging that:

You have used ideas and written material belonging to different authors.

You have searched the relevant literature

You have read widely on your topic.

It also enables anyone reading your work to look up your citations and references and read them for themselves.

Citation information is also available in the Library's Referencing and Citing Comprehensive Guide, available online from the library website. It gives examples how to reference and cite all print and electronic resources including AV, images, tables, Facebook and Twitter.

Please note you will need to login with your Library ID no and PIN to view / print this document.

A quick guide to using the Harvard referencing system is available here.

Our online  resource, Cite Them Right is a comprehensive guide to all your referencing needs. Cite Them Right will help you to reference just about any source from books to social media and everything in between. It includes advice from experts on how to avoid plagiarism, summarising and paraphrasing

Cite them right online

Books on how to Reference in the Library


Online Referencing Sources


Google Book Search

Referencing Software

Ways of Creating your list of References in your Word Document

Search + Find, along with all our bibliographic databases (those that detail books and articles) have a citation export feature. The facility to create a reference to the article you are viewing in the Harvard style is available. Note this is the reference only and not the in text citation. This is shown to all groups attending the Online Resource workshops that we give in the Group Study room in Moore Library.

If you wish to wish to use software to create both your citations and references, the Library recommends you use EndNote Online, free software provided to GMIT staff and students from the Library. EndNote Online allows users to create, store and manage references, up to 2GB storage per account, and it includes many other features for advanced researchers including an option to best match your work to a particular journal or journals.

The 'Cite While You Write' feature allows you to insert references from your EndNote library into a Word document, and it will automatically create and format your bibliography in MS Word.

The Library provides training on EndNote Online throughout the year. Please check with library staff.

A comprehensive guide to using EndNote Online is available here. Please note you will need to login with your staff/student ID no and library PIN to view / download this document.

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