Governments, industries and individuals can use open data to generate social, economic and environmental benefits.
► Should have no limitations that stop it from being used in any way, everyone should be free to use, modify and share the data;
► Becomes usable when the data is made available online in a machine readable format;
► Is described well to promote reuse;
► Is required to have an open license to promote reuse, so people can use the data in any way they want, including altering, combining and sharing it with others, even commercially;
► Is not privacy sensitive or commercially sensitive data.
The FAIR Principles define how all data should be be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable.
Key funding bodies, including the European Commission, promote FAIR data to maximise the integrity and impact of their research investment.
Adapted from: https://www.go-fair.org/fair-principles/
FAIR-Aware is an online tool which helps researchers and data managers assess how much they know about the requirements for making datasets findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) before uploading them into a data repository.
FAIR data contribute to research integrity and reproducibility.
"Ireland is continuing to lead the way in Europe for Open Data having been ranked top of the European Commission’s Open Data Maturity survey for the past 3 years running - 2017, 2018 and 2019".
The public service encompasses a varied range of government departments, agencies and offices, who deliver a range of services across all areas of society and business. These organisations create large quantities of valuable data. The concept of open data is about making the data held by these bodies available and easily accessible online, for reuse and redistribution.
“Opening up Government data provides new opportunities for research, innovation, engagement and greater efficiency for all sectors of the economy with the potential to generate business opportunities, stimulate economic growth, and contribute to Open Government”.
Ireland’s National open data portal provides access to official non-personal government data, in open format. The portal links to over 10,000 datasets from over 100 public sector bodies. This data must be available under an open licence so it can be freely used, re-used and redistributed.
Wilkinson, M., Dumontier, M., Aalbersberg, I. et al. The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Sci Data 3, 160018 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18